Who was to blame for world war 1 essay

In total, 30 countries were involved in the conflict. Soldiers fought largely in trenches during the war, and thousands suffered from stress, known as shell-shock. The British and French trenches were often squalid, whereas the German trenches were almost luxurious in comparison, with bunks and decent cooking facilities.

Who was to blame for world war 1 essay

Many historians consider Wilhelm the individual most responsible for the outbreak of war — as much as one individual can be. His imperialistic and nationalistic agenda in the late s and early s fuelled pre-war diplomatic tensions, while his careless advice to Austria-Hungary during the July Crisis of was a major factor in the outbreak of war.

Wilhelm was born in Berlin inthe first son of Frederick, heir to the Prussian throne, and Victoria, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria of England. His entry into the world was by a troublesome breech birth feet rather than head first ; this left him with a congenital shoulder condition and a withered left arm, slightly shorter than the right.

These disabilities caused the young prince some physical discomfort, though he was more troubled by the embarrassment he would spend most of his adult life concealing his disfigured arm. As a teenager Wilhelm showed a quick mind and an aptitude for history and the sciences, however he was also stubborn, arrogant, moody and prone to frightening outbursts and tantrums.

He was given training as a cavalry officer, a typical education for a scion of the Prussian aristocracy. The young Wilhelm showed much admiration for the British and their empire. As a young man he paid several visits to England and to his grandmother, Queen Victoria.

His relationship with Queen Victoria also soured: The kaiser with his young son, Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm The year-old Wilhelm was crowned in following the death of his father, who had ruled for barely three months.

Who was to blame for world war 1 essay

His ascension to the throne marked a new direction in Hohenzollern rule. But the arrogant young kaiser was unwilling to impose limits on his own power: This determination to intrude into policy formation brought the young monarch into dispute with the ageing Bismarck; after two years of tension and conflict Bismarck was pensioned off.

Future chancellors would be chosen by Wilhelm himself, so proved much less obstinate. The caricature of the saber-rattling warrior, he broke down when war actually began. Endowed with a high intelligence and an excellent memory, he was capable of the most crashing stupidities.

Fascinated by the latest technology, thoroughly at home in a fast-moving modern world, Wilhelm clung to medieval notions of divine right. Enormously energetic and ambitious, he proved utterly unable to work hard.

The contradictions were so numerous and startling that before Wilhelm had spent two years on the throne, people wondered if he were quite sane. He envisioned a German-speaking empire that rivalled the size and commercial power of the British.

Not only that, he wanted to play a personal role in its construction and its management. Several of his outspoken comments and misjudgments fuelled European tensions in the decade prior to World War I. A poorly-timed state visit to Morocco in heightened suspicions in France and contributed to the signing of an Anglo-French alliance.

In Wilhelm gave an interview to a London paper, a step he hoped would strengthen the Anglo-German relationship — but his remarks during the interview were full of gaffes and undisciplined rants, including bitter criticisms of the English government and other European leaders.

Poisonous gas

This only added to the public perception of Wilhelm as an out-of-control, power-drunk madman who was desperate for confrontation and war. Born with a slight physical deformity, Wilhelm endured a difficult childhood that rendered him insecure and anxious.

Wilhelm was a man of some intelligence but could be lazy, stubborn, short-tempered and intolerant of other views.

An admirer of Britain, its naval strength and its empire, Wilhelm also envied these things and sought them for Germany.

Who was to blame for world war 1 essay

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Shell shock and PTSD

Wilhelm II was a Hohenzollern royal and the kaiser (emperor) of Germany from to the end of World War I. 2. Born with a slight physical deformity, Wilhelm endured a difficult childhood that rendered him insecure and anxious.

Heather Kirn Lanier is working on a collection of essays about disability and parenting, to which “SuperBabies Don’t Cry” belongs. She received a Vermont Creation Grant for the project and has published related essays in The Sun, America Magazine, and initiativeblog.com is also the author of the nonfiction book, Teaching in the Terrordome: Two Years in West Baltimore with Teach For America.

The Pity of War makes a simple and provocative argument: the human atrocity known as the Great War was entirely England's initiativeblog.coming to Niall Ferguson, England entered into war based on naive assumptions of German aims, thereby transforming a Continental conflict into a world war, which it then badly mishandled, necessitating American involvement.

The Great Depression and World War II, | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History