Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning

Our guide to purpose drivel learning, a classroom management technique you Brainstorm Before Everything You Do One of the easiest and most effective ways to get young children to think critically is to brainstorm.

Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning

Contributed by Stacy E. Walker, PhD, ATC, provided conception and design; acquisition and analysis and interpretation of the data; and drafting, critical revision, and final approval of the article. Address correspondence to Stacy E. Address e-mail to ude.

To provide a brief introduction to the definition and disposition to think critically along with active learning strategies to promote critical thinking.

Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning

The development of critical thinking has been the topic of many educational articles recently. Numerous instructional methods exist to promote thought and active learning in the classroom, including case studies, discussion methods, written exercises, questioning techniques, and debates.

Three methods—questioning, written exercises, and discussion and debates—are highlighted. The definition of critical thinking, the disposition to think critically, and different teaching strategies are featured.

Although not appropriate for all subject matter and classes, these learning strategies can be used and adapted to facilitate critical thinking and active participation. Imagine a certified athletic trainer ATC who does not consider all of the injury options when performing an assessment or an ATC who fails to consider using any new rehabilitation techniques because the ones used for years have worked.

Envision ATCs who are unable to react calmly during an emergency because, although they designed the emergency action plan, they never practiced it or mentally prepared for an emergency.

These are all examples of situations in which ATCs must think critically. Presently, athletic training educators are teaching many competencies and proficiencies to entry-level athletic training students. As Davies 1 pointed out, CT is needed in clinical decision making because of the many changes occurring in education, technology, and health care reform.

Yet little information exists in the athletic training literature regarding CT and methods to promote thought. Fuller, 2 using the Bloom taxonomy, classified learning objectives, written assignments, and examinations as CT and nonCT.

Athletic training educators fostered more CT in their learning objectives and written assignments than in examinations. The disposition of athletic training students to think critically exists but is weak. Leaver-Dunn et al 3 concluded that teaching methods that promote the various components of CT should be used.

My purpose is to provide a brief introduction to the definition and disposition to think critically along with active learning strategies to promote CT. All of these definitions describe an individual who is actively engaged in the thought process. Not only is this person evaluating, analyzing, and interpreting the information, he or she is also analyzing inferences and assumptions made regarding that information.

The use of CT skills such as analysis of inferences and assumptions shows involvement in the CT process. These cognitive skills are employed to form a judgment. Reflective thinking, defined by Dewey 8 as the type of thinking that consists of turning a subject over in the mind and giving it serious and consecutive consideration, can be used to evaluate the quality of judgment s made.

Therefore, in order to think critically, there must be a certain amount of self-awareness and other characteristics present to enable a person to explain the analysis and interpretation and to evaluate any inferences made. Many believe that in order to develop CT skills, the disposition to think critically must be nurtured as well.

Open mindedness, wholeheartedness, and responsibility were 3 of the attitudes he felt were important traits of character to develop the habit of thinking.

This report resulted from a questionnaire regarding CT completed by a cross-disciplinary panel of experts from the United States and Canada.

Findings included continued support for the theory that to develop CT, an individual must possess and use certain dispositional characteristics. Based upon the dispositional phrases, the California Critical Thinking Dispositional Inventory 13 was developed.

Facione et al 9 purported that a person who thinks critically uses these 7 dispositions to form and make judgments.Debate – this is another active learning technique that helps develop critical thinking and logical reasoning skills.

Present competing viewpoints in lecture and assign students to defend one, or both, of the viewpoints in a short (five-minute) written exercise or classroom debate. Debate – this is another active learning technique that helps develop critical thinking and logical reasoning skills.

Present competing viewpoints in lecture and assign students to defend one, or both, of the viewpoints in a short (five-minute) written exercise or classroom debate. 15 Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning Connie J.

Rowles, DSN, RN Nursing faculty spend a considerable amount of their time planning experiences to facilitate student learning. The selection of teaching strategies and learning experiences traditionally has been governed by behavioral objectives. However, nursing education has been undergoing a major revolution, with.

Cooperative Learning Strategies: Cooper () argues that putting students in group learning situations is the best way to foster critical thinking.

"In properly structured cooperative learning environments, students perform more of the active, critical thinking with continuous support and feedback from other students and the teacher" (p.

15 Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning Connie J. Rowles, DSN, RN Nursing faculty spend a considerable amount of their time planning experiences to facilitate student learning. The selection of teaching strategies and learning experiences traditionally has been governed by behavioral objectives. However, nursing education . Debate – this is another active learning technique that helps develop critical thinking and logical reasoning skills. Present competing viewpoints in lecture and assign students to defend one, or both, of the viewpoints in a short (five-minute) written exercise or classroom debate. Cooperative Learning Strategies: Cooper () argues that putting students in group learning situations is the best way to foster critical thinking. "In properly structured cooperative learning environments, students perform more of the active, critical thinking with continuous support and feedback from other students and the teacher" (p. 8).

8). Teaching critical thinking skills is a necessity with our students because they’re crucial skills for living life. As such, every teacher is looking for interesting ways to integrate it into classrooms. But what exactly are critical thinking skills, . Questioning plays a critical role in cultivating critical thinking skills and deep learning.

Questioning models for students how they should think. Our professional educators use open-ended questions to encourage discussion and active learning.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving