United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times.
The Mississippian cultures built huge settlements across the Southeast, and the Anasazi built elaborate cliff-side towns in the Southwest. These societies were decimated by Old-World diseases such as smallpox and were pushed west by warfare and encroaching European settlers.
Their diminished numbers led to further marginalization, although today their cultures endure and continue to contribute to the American experience.
European colonization began in the 16th and 17th centuries. EnglandSpainand France gained large holdings; the NetherlandsSwedenand Russia also established outposts. The first English colonies, founded in JamestownVirginia and PlymouthMassachusettsformed the kernel of what is now known as the United States.
In the North, Massachusetts was settled by religious immigrants — Puritans — who later spread and founded most of the other New England colonies, creating a highly religious and idealistic region.
Other religious groups also founded colonies, including the Quakers in Pennsylvania and Roman Catholics in Maryland. Longer growing seasons in the Southern colonies, which remained dominated by Virginia, gave them richer agricultural prospects, especially for cotton and tobacco.
As in Latin America and the Caribbeanindentured servants, convicts and later African slaves were imported and forced to cultivate large plantations. Independence Hall in Philadelphia was where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were drafted By the early 18th century, Great Britain had colonized the Atlantic coast from Georgia north into what is now Canada.
The last major British migration to the territory that would become the United States took place in middle decades of that century when the Appalachia region was settled. In part to finance the North American campaigns of the war, known as the French and Indian War, Britain imposed unpopular taxes and regulations on its colonists.
This precipitated revolution in and on 4 Julycolonists from 13 colonies declared independence. Those still loyal to the British mostly fled north to what is today Canadawhich continued to remain under British rule.
Wrangling over the formation of a national government lasted until when a constitution was agreed upon. Its Enlightenment-era ideas about individual liberty have since inspired the founding decrees of many states.
George Washington, the general-in-chief of the revolutionary army, was elected the first president. By the turn of the 19th century, the newly-built Washington, D. New states were created as white settlers moved west beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
The Native American populations were displaced and further harrowed by war and disease. The Louisiana Purchase of French lands to the west of the Mississippi charted by the Lewis and Clark expedition effectively doubled the size of the nation, and provided "Indian Territory" in what is now Oklahoma for the many Native American tribes from the east that were forcibly relocated during the Trail of Tears of the s.
Further disagreements with British commerce policies arising from the Napoleonic Wars and Royal Navy impressment led to the War of There were over two years of dramatic action on land and sea that included an attempted invasion of Canada and the burning of the White House and public buildings in Washington, D.
The final stalemate saw virtually no changes of territory, but the war galvanized separate American and Canadian identities. The national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner", was conceived during this war.
Western Native American tribes that had sided with the British suffered greatly as their territory was given to white settlers.
After the war, industry and infrastructure were expanded greatly, particularly in the Northeast; see American Industry Tour.
Roads and canals came first and helped people spread inland. By the late s, railroads and telegraph lines connected the east and west coasts via the industrial hub of Chicago in the Midwest. Spain sold Florida in after American military intervention, and an rebellion by American settlers in Mexican Texas founded an independent republic which was absorbed into the Union ten years later.The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States [Gordon S.
Wood] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The preeminent historian of the Founding Era reflects on the birth of American nationhood and explains why the American Revolution remains so essential.
For Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Gordon S. Wood.
The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States [Gordon S. Wood] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The preeminent historian of the Founding Era reflects on the birth of American nationhood and explains why the American Revolution remains so essential.
For Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Gordon S. Wood. The United States of America—also referred to as the United States, the USA, the U.S., America, or (archaically) Columbia–is a federal republic of 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Each of the 50 states has a high level of local autonomy under the system of federalism. The United States was born as a nation with the Declaration of . People's History of Sports in the United States: Years of Politics, Protest, People, and Play (New Press People's History) [Dave Zirin] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
From the author Robert Lipsyte calls “the best young sportswriter in America, ” a rollicking. India–United States relations (or Indo-American relations) refers to the international relations that exist between the Republic of India and the United States of America..
Prominent leaders of India's freedom movement had friendly relations with the United States of America which continued well after independence from Great Britain in The history of the United States is what happened in the past in the United States, a country in North America.
Native Americans have lived there for thousands of years. English people in went to the place now called Jamestown, initiativeblog.com European settlers went to the colonies, mostly from England and later Great Britain.
France, Spain, and the Netherlands also colonized North America.